[Kubernetes The Hard Way] Generating Kubernetes Configuration Files for Authentication - Part 3

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بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيم

Generating Kubernetes Configuration Files for Authentication (Kubernetes The Hardway)

Lanjutkeunn, Lab part 4 this lab you will generate Kubernetes configuration files, also known as kubeconfigs, which enable Kubernetes clients to locate and authenticate to the Kubernetes API Servers.

Kubernetes Public IP Address

Each kubeconfig requires a Kubernetes API Server to connect to. To support high availability the IP address assigned to the external load balancer fronting the Kubernetes API Servers will be used.

Using IP LoadBalancer HAproxy,

KUBERNETES_PUBLIC_ADDRESS=10.240.0.62

The kubelet Kubernetes Configuration File

When generating kubeconfig files for Kubelets the client certificate matching the Kubelet’s node name must be used. This will ensure Kubelets are properly authorized by the Kubernetes Node Authorizer.

Generate a kubeconfig file for each worker node:

for instance in worker-0 worker-1 worker-2; do
  kubectl config set-cluster kubernetes-the-hard-way \
    --certificate-authority=ca.pem \
    --embed-certs=true \
    --server=https://${KUBERNETES_PUBLIC_ADDRESS}:6443 \
    --kubeconfig=${instance}.kubeconfig

  kubectl config set-credentials system:node:${instance} \
    --client-certificate=${instance}.pem \
    --client-key=${instance}-key.pem \
    --embed-certs=true \
    --kubeconfig=${instance}.kubeconfig

  kubectl config set-context default \
    --cluster=kubernetes-the-hard-way \
    --user=system:node:${instance} \
    --kubeconfig=${instance}.kubeconfig

  kubectl config use-context default --kubeconfig=${instance}.kubeconfig
done

Results:

worker-0.kubeconfig
worker-1.kubeconfig
worker-2.kubeconfig

The kube-proxy Kubernetes Configuration File

Generate a kubeconfig file for the kube-proxy service:

{
  kubectl config set-cluster kubernetes-the-hard-way \
    --certificate-authority=ca.pem \
    --embed-certs=true \
    --server=https://${KUBERNETES_PUBLIC_ADDRESS}:6443 \
    --kubeconfig=kube-proxy.kubeconfig

  kubectl config set-credentials system:kube-proxy \
    --client-certificate=kube-proxy.pem \
    --client-key=kube-proxy-key.pem \
    --embed-certs=true \
    --kubeconfig=kube-proxy.kubeconfig

  kubectl config set-context default \
    --cluster=kubernetes-the-hard-way \
    --user=system:kube-proxy \
    --kubeconfig=kube-proxy.kubeconfig

  kubectl config use-context default --kubeconfig=kube-proxy.kubeconfig
}

Results:

kube-proxy.kubeconfig

The kube-controller-manager Kubernetes Configuration File

Generate a kubeconfig file for the kube-controller-manager service:

{
  kubectl config set-cluster kubernetes-the-hard-way \
    --certificate-authority=ca.pem \
    --embed-certs=true \
    --server=https://127.0.0.1:6443 \
    --kubeconfig=kube-controller-manager.kubeconfig

  kubectl config set-credentials system:kube-controller-manager \
    --client-certificate=kube-controller-manager.pem \
    --client-key=kube-controller-manager-key.pem \
    --embed-certs=true \
    --kubeconfig=kube-controller-manager.kubeconfig

  kubectl config set-context default \
    --cluster=kubernetes-the-hard-way \
    --user=system:kube-controller-manager \
    --kubeconfig=kube-controller-manager.kubeconfig

  kubectl config use-context default --kubeconfig=kube-controller-manager.kubeconfig
}

Results:

kube-controller-manager.kubeconfig

The kube-scheduler Kubernetes Configuration File

Generate a kubeconfig file for the kube-scheduler service:

{
  kubectl config set-cluster kubernetes-the-hard-way \
    --certificate-authority=ca.pem \
    --embed-certs=true \
    --server=https://127.0.0.1:6443 \
    --kubeconfig=kube-scheduler.kubeconfig

  kubectl config set-credentials system:kube-scheduler \
    --client-certificate=kube-scheduler.pem \
    --client-key=kube-scheduler-key.pem \
    --embed-certs=true \
    --kubeconfig=kube-scheduler.kubeconfig

  kubectl config set-context default \
    --cluster=kubernetes-the-hard-way \
    --user=system:kube-scheduler \
    --kubeconfig=kube-scheduler.kubeconfig

  kubectl config use-context default --kubeconfig=kube-scheduler.kubeconfig
}

Results:

kube-scheduler.kubeconfig

The admin Kubernetes Configuration File

Generate a kubeconfig file for the admin user:

{
  kubectl config set-cluster kubernetes-the-hard-way \
    --certificate-authority=ca.pem \
    --embed-certs=true \
    --server=https://127.0.0.1:6443 \
    --kubeconfig=admin.kubeconfig

  kubectl config set-credentials admin \
    --client-certificate=admin.pem \
    --client-key=admin-key.pem \
    --embed-certs=true \
    --kubeconfig=admin.kubeconfig

  kubectl config set-context default \
    --cluster=kubernetes-the-hard-way \
    --user=admin \
    --kubeconfig=admin.kubeconfig

  kubectl config use-context default --kubeconfig=admin.kubeconfig
}

Results:

admin.kubeconfig

Distribute the Kubernetes Configuration Files

Copy the appropriate kubelet and kube-proxy kubeconfig files to each worker instance:

for instance in worker-0 worker-1 worker-2; do
  lxc file push ${instance}.kubeconfig kube-proxy.kubeconfig ${instance}/root/
done

Copy the appropriate kube-controller-manager and kube-scheduler kubeconfig files to each controller instance:

for instance in controller-0 controller-1 controller-2; do
  lxc file push admin.kubeconfig kube-controller-manager.kubeconfig kube-scheduler.kubeconfig ${instance}/root/
done

Verfication

lxc exec controller-0 ls
lxc exec worker-0 ls

Lanjutnye: Generating the Data Encryption Config and Key - Part 4

Gaskunnnn

Referensi

Happy, Enjoy Ngoprek ~

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